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International agreements on social insurance, or social security, as the so-called instruments of coordination, enable a harmonized application of national legislations of the countries-parties to the agreement in the area of social insurance, which:

  • guarantees equal treatment of the countries, namely the citizens of both countries-parties to the agreement within the national legislations,
  • establishes applicable legislation (rules on the basis of which, in each concrete case, it can be precisely determined if to apply the legislation of one, or the other country-party to the agreement),
  • ensures keeping of the vested right, and
  • guarantees the payment (transfer) of contributions in cases of changing the residence and moving to the other country-party to the agreement.

International agreements on social insurance can be complete and comprise the whole area of social insurance (retirement and disability insurance, health insurance, health care and maternity, work injury and occupational disease insurance, unemployment insurance and child benefit), or partial, comprising only certain branches of social insurance.

The first international agreement in the area of social insurance was concluded in 1827 between the Grand Duchy of Parma and France.

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