RIGHTS STEMMING FROM SOCIAL INSURANCE
The system of social insurance occupies one of the key areas in the legal
system of the Republic of Serbia, in terms of its volume and number of
regulations – from constitutional provisions on human and minority rights
and freedoms, and national regulations, to statutory regulations and by-laws.
Judiciary of Serbia, in the area of social insurance, also comprises generally
accepted principles and rules of the international law and international
agreements entered into and acceded to by Serbia.
The term ‘social insurance’, in its narrower sense, comprises all branches
of social insurance, while within the framework of legal regulations of
the Republic of Serbia it includes: health insurance, retirement and disability
insurance and unemployment insurance.
The following laws are in force in the area of social insurance in Serbia:
- Law on Health Insurance;
- Law on Heath Care;
- Law on Retirement and Disability Insurance;
- Law on Unemployment Insurance;
- Law on Conditions for Employing Foreign Citizens, and
- Law on Contributions to Compulsory Social Insurance.
Having in mind continuous changes in our society and in accordance with
economic development of Serbia and international standards
and tendencies in this area, there is a continuous process of making amendments
to the above listed laws, as well as to by-law provisions (codes of rules,
statutory regulations, and the like).
Beside the above listed laws, the area of social insurance is also regulated
by international bilateral agreements on social insurance which Serbia
concluded with other countries, as well as conventions
and acts of international organisations such as the International Labour
Organisation, the Council of Europe, etc.